Kenya SCLP


The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 1.5°C Report on reducing Short-Lived Climate pollutants (SLCPs) conclude that emissions of methane and black carbon need to be reduced by 35% or more by 2050 to achieve 1.5°C climate goal. To identify and establish Kenya’s contribution of SLCPs, there is need of research. The research will also inform the impacts of SLCPs on household health and guide on the practical reduction measures that will promote sustainable development and achievement of the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). The SCLPs contribute up to 45% of the current global warming thus the focus on it whose sources are solid fuel fires and internal combustion engines.

Many research studies have established that, household indoor air pollution emissions are a major cause of ill health, along with emissions from agriculture. Majority of households in Kenya rely on solid fuels, including biomass fuels (wood, cow dung and agricultural residues) to meet their energy demands. Biomass contribution to Kenya’s energy demand is 70 per cent and provides for more than 90 per cent of rural household energy needs. Cooking with solid fuels using inefficient open stoves generates high levels of health-damaging pollutants, such as particulates and black carbon. In Kenyan societies, women are primarily responsible for cooking, and children often spend time with their mothers in the kitchen thereby increasing their exposure to the SLCPs. Further, pollutants emissions from combustion engines are becoming a problem both to human health and the environment. The air pollutants emissions are increasing with the increasing number of vehicles thus modelling their dispersal is necessary to map the populations at risk. The research is informed by the need of national level strategies that reduce SLCPs emissions benefiting human health, increasing Kenya’s commitments to mitigate climate change as captured in the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and promoting sustainable development.

The project aims to:

  • Quantify short-lived climate pollutants on air quality, climate change and household health issues in Kenya.
  • Develop app-based model for estimation of SLCPs at household level.
  • Model the spatial dispersal of vehicular emission pollutants and map populations at risk in Nairobi County.
  • Create awareness creation and sensitize the community on the harmful effect of Short-Lived Climate Pollutants on air quality, climate change and women’s wellbeing.
  • Analyze the existing legislative framework on short-lived climate pollutants on air quality, climate change, and Gender.
  • Recommend strategies on how to strengthen the integration of SLCPs to NDCs at the national level.

Expected outputs

  • Academic articles (to be published in leading journals under open access)
  • Policy briefs (to be presented at UN conferences and made available online

Project partners

  • Joyful Women
  • Climate Works Foundation

Expected outcome

  •  Understand the scale and status of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) on air pollution, climate change and women’s activities in the global south project
  • Generate policy recommendations for governments, donors, UN agencies, and other stakeholders on how to integrate and mainstream short-lived climate pollutants